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tang lady

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating raw materials, generally including clay in the form of kaolin, in a kiln to temperaturesbetween 1,200 °C (2,192 °F)and 1,400 °C (2,552 °F). The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain arise mainly from the formation of glass and the mineral mullite within the fired body at these high temperatures. Porcelain, also called 'fine china', featuring its delicate texture, pleasing color, and refined , has been one of the earliest artworks introduced to the western world through the Silk Road. The earliest porcelain ware was found made of Kaolin in the Shang Dynasty (16th - 11th century BC), and possessed the common aspects of the smoothness and impervious quality of hard enamel, though pottery wares were more widely used among most of the ordinary people. Anyway it was the beginning of porcelain, which afterwards in the succeeding dynasties and due to its durability and luster, rapidly became a necessity of daily life, especially in the middle and upper classes. They were made in the form of all kinds of items, such as bowls, cups, tea sets, vases, jewel cases, incense burners, musical instruments and boxes for stationary and chess, as well as pillows for traditional doctors to use to feel one's pulse.

color_horseDuring the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), a large number of porcelain wares were in daily use having been substituted for the ones made of gold, silver, jade and other materials. With export, Chinese patterns on these wares also took on more exotic appeal. The Yue and De kiln of Zhejiang Province had features that were the most popular ones, and another one, Xing kiln in Hebei Province was greatly prized for its white porcelain as 'white like snow'. Kilns baking porcelain for the royalty sprang up producing elegant and dainty works.
procelain jar
Porcelain began in China during the Shang and Zhou dynasties.  Though it was still a very primitive form of the wares, archaeologists have found simple porcelain in the middle and lower parts of the Yangtze and Yellow river regions. "Blue and white wares"(Chinese: 青花;pinyin: qīng-huā; literally "Blue flowers") designate white pottery and porcelain decorated under the glaze with a blue pigment, generally cobalt oxida. The decoration is commonly applied by hand, bystenclling or by transfer-priting, though other methods of application have also been used.The first Chinese blue and white wares were as early as the ninth century in Henan province, China; although only shards have been discovered. Tang period blue-and-white is even rarer than Song blue-
and-white and was unknown before 1985.

caladon jarCeladon porcelain is characterized by its simple, yet quite refined shapes, by its jade-like glaze, by its solid substance, and by its quite distinctive style.  As the wares of celadon porcelain were produced in the Longquan County,
in the Zhejiang Province, it became the most valued, and became more generally known as longquan qingci. This is its Chinese name, and it means “greenish, stone and green".

Famille is one of the most significant forms of Chinese art.Commonly used French terms for 'families', or palettes of enamel colours used on Chinese porcelain. Famille jaune, noire, rose, verte are terms used to classify Chinese porcelain by its colour ouette.procelain famile jar

  1. Famille verte (康熙五彩, Kangxi wucai, also 素三彩, Susancai), adopted in the Kangxi (1662–1722), uses green and iron red with other overglaze colours. It developed from the (五彩Wucai, "Five colors") style.
  2. Famille jaune is a variation using famille verte enamels on a yellow ground.
  3. Famille noire (Chinese: 黑地素三彩, Modi susancai) uses a black ground (although some clobbered wares had the black added in the 19th century).
  4. Famille rose (known in Chinese as Fencai (粉彩) or Ruancai (軟彩, simplified 软彩), meaning 'soft colours', and later as Yangcai (洋彩), meaning 'foreign colours') was introduced during the reign of Kangxi (1654–1722), possibly around 1720. It used mainly pink or purple and remained popular throughout the 18th and the 19th centuries.
    Famille rose enamel ware allows a greater range of colour and tone than was previously possible, enabling the depiction of more complex images, including flowers, figures and insects.
    It is made by drawing a sketch on the shaped clay, which is then covered with 'glassy white' (bo li bai), an opaque white enamel (lead arsenate), and painted in detail with the mixture of pigment and oil, before firing..
color jar w/dragon
blue tea pot
color jar w/people
blue & white jar
double happiness jar
color jar w/lotus
double happiness vase
color vase w/dragon
blue & white vase
color vase
white kwan yin
brown jar
white jar
green jar
blue & white jar

 

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